必威登录

纪委监察网
中华人民共和国宪法
发布人:朱洪浪  发布时间:2018-03-29   动态浏览次数:226

中华人民共和国宪法

必威登录  (1982nian12yue4ridiwujiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiwucihuiyitongguo 1982nian12yue4riquanguorenmindaibiaodahuigonggaogongbushixing

  genju1988nian4yue12ridiqijiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiyicihuiyitongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfaxiuzhengan》、1993nian3yue29ridibajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiyicihuiyitongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfaxiuzhengan》、1999nian3yue15ridijiujiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiercihuiyitongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfaxiuzhengan》、2004nian3yue14ridishijiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiercihuiyitongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfaxiuzhengan》he2018nian3yue11ridishisanjiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidiyicihuiyitongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfaxiuzhengan》xiuzheng)

目录

  xuyan

  diyizhang zonggang

必威登录  dierzhang gongmindejibenquanliheyiwu

  disanzhang guojiajigou

  diyijie quanguorenmindaibiaodahui

  dierjie zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi

  disanjie guowuyuan

必威登录  disijie zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhui

必威登录  diwujie difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenminzhengfu

  diliujie minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguan

  diqijie jianchaweiyuanhui

  dibajie renminfayuanherenminjianchayuan

必威登录  disizhang guoqi、guoge、guohui、shoudou

序言

  zhongguoshishijieshanglishizuiyoujiudeguojiazhiyi。zhongguogezurenmingongtongchuangzaoleguanghuicanlandewenhua,juyouguangrongdegemingchuantong。

必威登录  yibasi○nianyihou,fengjiandezhongguozhujianbianchengbanzhimindi、banfengjiandeguojia。zhongguorenminweiguojiaduli、minzujiefangheminzhuziyoujinxingleqianpuhoujideyingyongfendou。

  ershishiji,zhongguofashenglefantianfudideweidalishibiange。

  yijiuyiyiniansunzhongshanxianshenglingdaodexinhaigeming,feichulefengjiandizhi,chuanglilezhonghuaminguo。danshi,zhongguorenminfanduidiguozhuyihefengjianzhuyidelishirenwuhaimeiyouwancheng。

必威登录  yijiusijiunian,yimaozedongzhuxiweilingxiudezhongguogongchandanglingdaozhongguogezurenmin,zaijinglilezhangqidejiannanquzhedewuzhuangdouzhengheqitaxingshidedouzhengyihou,zhongyutuifanlediguozhuyi、fengjianzhuyiheguanliaozibenzhuyidetongzhi,qudelexinminzhuzhuyigemingdeweidashengli,jianlilezhonghuarenmingongheguo。congci,zhongguorenminzhangwoleguojiadequanli,chengweiguojiadezhuren。

  zhonghuarenmingongheguochengliyihou,woguoshehuizhubushixianleyouxinminzhuzhuyidaoshehuizhuyideguodu。shengchanziliaosiyouzhideshehuizhuyigaizaoyijingwancheng,renboxuerendezhiduyijingxiaomie,shehuizhuyizhiduyijingqueli。gongrenjiejilingdaode、yigongnonglianmengweijichuderenminminzhuzhuanzheng,shizhishangjiwuchanjiejizhuanzheng,dedaogongguhefazhan。zhongguorenminhezhongguorenminjiefangjunzhanshenglediguozhuyi、baquanzhuyideqinlve、pohuaihewuzhuangtiaoxin,weihuleguojiadeduliheanquan,zengqiangleguofang。jingjijianshequdelezhongdadechengjiu,dulide、bijiaowanzhengdeshehuizhuyigongyetixiyijingjibenxingcheng,nongyeshengchanxianzhutigao。jiaoyu、kexue、wenhuadengshiyeyoulehendadefazhan,shehuizhuyisixiangjiaoyuqudelemingxiandechengxiao。guangdarenmindeshenghuoyoulejiaodadegaishan。

  zhongguoxinminzhuzhuyigemingdeshengliheshehuizhuyishiyedechengjiu,shizhongguogongchandanglingdaozhongguogezurenmin,zaimakesilieningzhuyi、maozedongsixiangdezhiyinxia,jianchizhenli,xiuzhengcuowu,zhanshengxuduojiannanxianzuerqudede。woguojiangzhangqichuyushehuizhuyichujijieduan。guojiadegenbenrenwushi,yanzhezhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaolu,jizhongliliangjinxingshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshe。zhongguogezurenminjiangjixuzaizhongguogongchandanglingdaoxia,zaimakesilieningzhuyi、maozedongsixiang、dengxiaopinglilun、“sangedaibiao”zhongyaosixiang、kexuefazhanguan、xijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangzhiyinxia,jianchirenminminzhuzhuanzheng,jianchishehuizhuyidaolu,jianchigaigekaifang,buduanwanshanshehuizhuyidegexiangzhidu,fazhanshehuizhuyishichangjingji,fazhanshehuizhuyiminzhu,jianquanshehuizhuyifazhi,guanchexinfazhanlinian,ziligengsheng,jiankufendou,zhubushixiangongye、nongye、guofanghekexuejishudexiandaihua,tuidongwuzhiwenming、zhengzhiwenming、jingshenwenming、shehuiwenming、shengtaiwenmingxiediaofazhan,bawoguojianshechengweifuqiangminzhuwenminghexiemeilideshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguo,shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxing。

必威登录  zaiwoguo,boxuejiejizuoweijiejiyijingxiaomie,danshijiejidouzhenghaijiangzaiyidingfanweineizhangqicunzai。zhongguorenminduidishihepohuaiwoguoshehuizhuyizhidudeguoneiwaidediduishilihediduifenzi,bixujinxingdouzheng。

  taiwanshizhonghuarenmingongheguodeshenshenglingtudeyibufen。wanchengtongyizuguodedayeshibaokuotaiwantongbaozaineidequanzhongguorenmindeshenshengzhize。

必威登录  shehuizhuyidejiansheshiyebixuyikaogongren、nongminhezhishifenzi,tuanjieyiqiekeyituanjiedeliliang。zaizhangqidegeming、jianshe、gaigeguochengzhong,yijingjiechengyouzhongguogongchandanglingdaode,yougeminzhudangpaihegerenmintuanticanjiade,baokuoquantishehuizhuyilaodongzhe、shehuizhuyishiyedejianshezhe、yonghushehuizhuyideaiguozhe、yonghuzuguotongyihezhiliyuzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdeaiguozhedeguangfandeaiguotongyizhanxian,zheigetongyizhanxianjiangjixugongguhefazhan。zhongguorenminzhengzhixieshanghuiyishiyouguangfandaibiaoxingdetongyizhanxianzuzhi,guoqufahuilezhongyaodelishizuoyong,jinhouzaiguojiazhengzhishenghuo、shehuishenghuoheduiwaiyouhaohuodongzhong,zaijinxingshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshe、weihuguojiadetongyihetuanjiededouzhengzhong,jiangjinyibufahuitadezhongyaozuoyong。zhongguogongchandanglingdaodeduodanghezuohezhengzhixieshangzhidujiangzhangqicunzaihefazhan。

必威登录  zhonghuarenmingongheguoshiquanguogezurenmingongtongdizaodetongyideduominzuguojia。pingdengtuanjiehuzhuhexiedeshehuizhuyiminzuguanxiyijingqueli,bingjiangjixujiaqiang。zaiweihuminzutuanjiededouzhengzhong,yaofanduidaminzuzhuyi,zhuyaoshidahanzuzhuyi,yeyaofanduidifangminzuzhuyi。guojiajinyiqienuli,cujinquanguogeminzudegongtongfanrong。

必威登录  zhongguogeming、jianshe、gaigedechengjiushitongshijierenmindezhichifenbukaide。zhongguodeqiantushitongshijiedeqiantujinmidilianxizaiyiqide。zhongguojianchidulizizhudeduiwaizhengce,jianchihuxiangzunzhongzhuquanhelingtuwanzheng、hubuqinfan、hubugansheneizheng、pingdenghuli、hepinggongchudewuxiangyuanze,jianchihepingfazhandaolu,jianchihuligongyingkaifangzhanlve,fazhantonggeguodewaijiaoguanxihejingji、wenhuajiaoliu,tuidonggoujianrenleimingyungongtongti;jianchifanduidiguozhuyi、baquanzhuyi、zhiminzhuyi,jiaqiangtongshijiegeguorenmindetuanjie,zhichibeiyapominzuhefazhanzhongguojiazhengquheweihuminzuduli、fazhanminzujingjidezhengyidouzheng,weiweihushijiehepinghecujinrenleijinbushiyeernuli。

必威登录  benxianfayifalvdexingshiquerenlezhongguogezurenminfendoudechengguo,guidingleguojiadegenbenzhiduhegenbenrenwu,shiguojiadegenbenfa,juyouzuigaodefalvxiaoli。quanguogezurenmin、yiqieguojiajiguanhewuzhuangliliang、gezhengdanghegeshehuituanti、geqiyeshiyezuzhi,doubixuyixianfaweigenbendehuodongzhunze,bingqiefuyouweihuxianfazunyan、baozhengxianfashishidezhize。

第一章 总纲

必威登录  diyitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshigongrenjiejilingdaode、yigongnonglianmengweijichuderenminminzhuzhuanzhengdeshehuizhuyiguojia。

  shehuizhuyizhidushizhonghuarenmingongheguodegenbenzhidu。zhongguogongchandanglingdaoshizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizuibenzhidetezheng。jinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenpohuaishehuizhuyizhidu。

  diertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodeyiqiequanlishuyurenmin。

  renminxingshiguojiaquanlidejiguanshiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahui。

必威登录  renminyizhaofalvguiding,tongguogezhongtujinghexingshi,guanliguojiashiwu,guanlijingjihewenhuashiye,guanlishehuishiwu。

必威登录  disantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodeguojiajigoushixingminzhujizhongzhideyuanze。

  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuidouyouminzhuxuanjuchansheng,duirenminfuze,shourenminjiandu。

  guojiaxingzhengjiguan、jianchajiguan、shenpanjiguan、jianchajiguandouyourenmindaibiaodahuichansheng,duitafuze,shoutajiandu。

  zhongyanghedifangdeguojiajigouzhiquandehuafen,zunxunzaizhongyangdetongyilingdaoxia,chongfenfahuidifangdezhudongxing、jijixingdeyuanze。

  disitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogeminzuyilvpingdeng。guojiabaozhanggeshaoshuminzudehefadequanliheliyi,weihuhefazhangeminzudepingdengtuanjiehuzhuhexieguanxi。jinzhiduirenheminzudeqishiheyapo,jinzhipohuaiminzutuanjiehezhizaominzufenliedexingwei。

  guojiagenjugeshaoshuminzudetedianhexuyao,bangzhugeshaoshuminzudiqujiasujingjihewenhuadefazhan。

  geshaoshuminzujujudedifangshixingquyuzizhi,shelizizhijiguan,xingshizizhiquan。geminzuzizhidifangdoushizhonghuarenmingongheguobukefenlidebufen。

必威登录  geminzudouyoushiyonghefazhanzijideyuyanwenzideziyou,douyoubaochihuozhegaigezijidefengsuxiguandeziyou。

  diwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshixingyifazhiguo,jiansheshehuizhuyifazhiguojia。

必威登录  guojiaweihushehuizhuyifazhidetongyihezunyan。

  yiqiefalv、xingzhengfaguihedifangxingfaguidoubudetongxianfaxiangdichu。

  yiqieguojiajiguanhewuzhuangliliang、gezhengdanghegeshehuituanti、geqiyeshiyezuzhidoubixuzunshouxianfahefalv。yiqieweifanxianfahefalvdexingwei,bixuyuyizhuijiu。

  renhezuzhihuozhegerendoubudeyouchaoyuexianfahefalvdetequan。

必威登录  diliutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodeshehuizhuyijingjizhidudejichushishengchanziliaodeshehuizhuyigongyouzhi,jiquanminsuoyouzhihelaodongqunzhongjitisuoyouzhi。shehuizhuyigongyouzhixiaomierenboxuerendezhidu,shixinggejinsuoneng、anlaofenpeideyuanze。

  guojiazaishehuizhuyichujijieduan,jianchigongyouzhiweizhuti、duozhongsuoyouzhijingjigongtongfazhandejibenjingjizhidu,jianchianlaofenpeiweizhuti、duozhongfenpeifangshibingcundefenpeizhidu。

  diqitiao guoyoujingji,jishehuizhuyiquanminsuoyouzhijingji,shiguominjingjizhongdezhudaoliliang。guojiabaozhangguoyoujingjidegongguhefazhan。

必威登录  dibatiao nongcunjitijingjizuzhishixingjiatingchengbaojingyingweijichu、tongfenjiehedeshuangcengjingyingtizhi。nongcunzhongdeshengchan、gongxiao、xinyong、xiaofeidenggezhongxingshidehezuojingji,shishehuizhuyilaodongqunzhongjitisuoyouzhijingji。canjianongcunjitijingjizuzhidelaodongzhe,youquanzaifalvguidingdefanweineijingyingziliudi、ziliushan、jiatingfuyehesiyangziliuchu。

  chengzhenzhongdeshougongye、gongye、jianzhuye、yunshuye、shangye、fuwuyedengxingyedegezhongxingshidehezuojingji,doushishehuizhuyilaodongqunzhongjitisuoyouzhijingji。

  guojiabaohuchengxiangjitijingjizuzhidehefadequanliheliyi,guli、zhidaohebangzhujitijingjidefazhan。

必威登录  dijiutiao kuangzang、shuiliu、senlin、shanling、caoyuan、huangdi、tantudengziranziyuan,doushuyuguojiasuoyou,jiquanminsuoyou;youfalvguidingshuyujitisuoyoudesenlinheshanling、caoyuan、huangdi、tantuchuwai。

必威登录  guojiabaozhangziranziyuandeheliliyong,baohuzhenguidedongwuhezhiwu。jinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenyongrenheshouduanqinzhanhuozhepohuaiziranziyuan。

  dishitiao chengshidetudishuyuguojiasuoyou。

必威登录  nongcunhechengshijiaoqudetudi,chuyoufalvguidingshuyuguojiasuoyoudeyiwai,shuyujitisuoyou;zhaijidiheziliudi、ziliushan,yeshuyujitisuoyou。

必威登录  guojiaweilegonggongliyidexuyao,keyiyizhaofalvguidingduitudishixingzhengshouhuozhezhengyongbingjiyubuchang。

  renhezuzhihuozhegerenbudeqinzhan、maimaihuozheyiqitaxingshifeifazhuanrangtudi。tudideshiyongquankeyiyizhaofalvdeguidingzhuanrang。

必威登录  yiqieshiyongtudidezuzhihegerenbixuhelidiliyongtudi。

  dishiyitiao zaifalvguidingfanweineidegetijingji、siyingjingjidengfeigongyouzhijingji,shishehuizhuyishichangjingjidezhongyaozuchengbufen。

  guojiabaohugetijingji、siyingjingjidengfeigongyouzhijingjidehefadequanliheliyi。guojiaguli、zhichiheyindaofeigongyouzhijingjidefazhan,bingduifeigongyouzhijingjiyifashixingjianduheguanli。

  dishiertiao shehuizhuyidegonggongcaichanshenshengbukeqinfan。

必威登录  guojiabaohushehuizhuyidegonggongcaichan。jinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenyongrenheshouduanqinzhanhuozhepohuaiguojiadehejitidecaichan。

必威登录  dishisantiao gongmindehefadesiyoucaichanbushouqinfan。

必威登录  guojiayizhaofalvguidingbaohugongmindesiyoucaichanquanhejichengquan。

  guojiaweilegonggongliyidexuyao,keyiyizhaofalvguidingduigongmindesiyoucaichanshixingzhengshouhuozhezhengyongbingjiyubuchang。

  dishisitiao guojiatongguotigaolaodongzhedejijixinghejishushuiping,tuiguangxianjindekexuejishu,wanshanjingjiguanlitizhiheqiyejingyingguanlizhidu,shixinggezhongxingshideshehuizhuyizerenzhi,gaijinlaodongzuzhi,yibuduantigaolaodongshengchanlvhejingjixiaoyi,fazhanshehuishengchanli。

必威登录  guojialixingjieyue,fanduilangfei。

必威登录  guojiahelianpaijileihexiaofei,jianguguojia、jitihegerendeliyi,zaifazhanshengchandejichushang,zhubugaishanrenmindewuzhishenghuohewenhuashenghuo。

必威登录  guojiajianlijianquantongjingjifazhanshuipingxiangshiyingdeshehuibaozhangzhidu。

必威登录  dishiwutiao guojiashixingshehuizhuyishichangjingji。

  guojiajiaqiangjingjilifa,wanshanhongguandiaokong。

必威登录  guojiayifajinzhirenhezuzhihuozhegerenraoluanshehuijingjizhixu。

  dishiliutiao guoyouqiyezaifalvguidingdefanweineiyouquanzizhujingying。

  guoyouqiyeyizhaofalvguiding,tongguozhigongdaibiaodahuiheqitaxingshi,shixingminzhuguanli。

必威登录  dishiqitiao jitijingjizuzhizaizunshouyouguanfalvdeqiantixia,youdulijinxingjingjihuodongdezizhuquan。

必威登录  jitijingjizuzhishixingminzhuguanli,yizhaofalvguidingxuanjuhebamianguanlirenyuan,juedingjingyingguanlidezhongdawenti。

  dishibatiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoyunxuwaiguodeqiyeheqitajingjizuzhihuozhegerenyizhaozhonghuarenmingongheguofalvdeguidingzaizhongguotouzi,tongzhongguodeqiyehuozheqitajingjizuzhijinxinggezhongxingshidejingjihezuo。

  zaizhongguojingneidewaiguoqiyeheqitawaiguojingjizuzhiyijizhongwaihezijingyingdeqiye,doubixuzunshouzhonghuarenmingongheguodefalv。tamendehefadequanliheliyishouzhonghuarenmingongheguofalvdebaohu。

  dishijiutiao guojiafazhanshehuizhuyidejiaoyushiye,tigaoquanguorenmindekexuewenhuashuiping。

  guojiajubangezhongxuexiao,pujichudengyiwujiaoyu,fazhanzhongdengjiaoyu、zhiyejiaoyuhegaodengjiaoyu,bingqiefazhanxueqianjiaoyu。

  guojiafazhangezhongjiaoyusheshi,saochuwenmang,duigongren、nongmin、guojiagongzuorenyuanheqitalaodongzhejinxingzhengzhi、wenhua、kexue、jishu、yewudejiaoyu,gulizixuechengcai。

必威登录  guojiagulijitijingjizuzhi、guojiaqiyeshiyezuzhiheqitashehuililiangyizhaofalvguidingjubangezhongjiaoyushiye。

必威登录  guojiatuiguangquanguotongyongdeputonghua。

必威登录  diershitiao guojiafazhanzirankexueheshehuikexueshiye,pujikexuehejishuzhishi,jianglikexueyanjiuchengguohejishufamingchuangzao。

必威登录  diershiyitiao guojiafazhanyiliaoweishengshiye,fazhanxiandaiyiyaohewoguochuantongyiyao,gulihezhichinongcunjitijingjizuzhi、guojiaqiyeshiyezuzhihejiedaozuzhijubangezhongyiliaoweishengsheshi,kaizhanqunzhongxingdeweishenghuodong,baohurenminjiankang。

  guojiafazhantiyushiye,kaizhanqunzhongxingdetiyuhuodong,zengqiangrenmintizhi。

必威登录  diershiertiao guojiafazhanweirenminfuwu、weishehuizhuyifuwudewenxueyishushiye、xinwenguangbodianshishiye、chubanfaxingshiye、tushuguanbowuguanwenhuaguanheqitawenhuashiye,kaizhanqunzhongxingdewenhuahuodong。

  guojiabaohumingshengguji、zhenguiwenwuheqitazhongyaolishiwenhuayichan。

必威登录  diershisantiao guojiapeiyangweishehuizhuyifuwudegezhongzhuanyerencai,kuodazhishifenzideduiwu,chuangzaotiaojian,chongfenfahuitamenzaishehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshezhongdezuoyong。

  diershisitiao guojiatongguopujilixiangjiaoyu、daodejiaoyu、wenhuajiaoyu、jilvhefazhijiaoyu,tongguozaichengxiangbutongfanweidequnzhongzhongzhidinghezhixinggezhongshouze、gongyue,jiaqiangshehuizhuyijingshenwenmingdejianshe。

  guojiachangdaoshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan,tichangaizuguo、airenmin、ailaodong、aikexue、aishehuizhuyidegongde,zairenminzhongjinxingaiguozhuyi、jitizhuyiheguojizhuyi、gongchanzhuyidejiaoyu,jinxingbianzhengweiwuzhuyihelishiweiwuzhuyidejiaoyu,fanduizibenzhuyide、fengjianzhuyideheqitadefuxiusixiang。

  diershiwutiao guojiatuixingjihuashengyu,shirenkoudezengzhangtongjingjiheshehuifazhanjihuaxiangshiying。

  diershiliutiao guojiabaohuhegaishanshenghuohuanjingheshengtaihuanjing,fangzhiwuranheqitagonghai。

必威登录  guojiazuzhihegulizhishuzaolin,baohulinmu。

必威登录  diershiqitiao yiqieguojiajiguanshixingjingjiandeyuanze,shixinggongzuozerenzhi,shixinggongzuorenyuandepeixunhekaohezhidu,buduantigaogongzuozhilianghegongzuoxiaolv,fanduiguanliaozhuyi。

必威登录  yiqieguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuanbixuyikaorenmindezhichi,jingchangbaochitongrenmindemiqielianxi,qingtingrenmindeyijianhejianyi,jieshourenmindejiandu,nuliweirenminfuwu。

必威登录  guojiagongzuorenyuanjiuzhishiyingdangyizhaofalvguidinggongkaijinxingxianfaxuanshi。

必威登录  diershibatiao guojiaweihushehuizhixu,zhenyapanguoheqitaweihaiguojiaanquandefanzuihuodong,zhicaiweihaishehuizhian、pohuaishehuizhuyijingjiheqitafanzuidehuodong,chengbanhegaizaofanzuifenzi。

必威登录  diershijiutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodewuzhuangliliangshuyurenmin。taderenwushigongguguofang,dikangqinlve,baoweizuguo,baoweirenmindehepinglaodong,canjiaguojiajiansheshiye,nuliweirenminfuwu。

必威登录  guojiajiaqiangwuzhuangliliangdegeminghua、xiandaihua、zhengguihuadejianshe,zengqiangguofangliliang。

必威登录  disanshitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguodexingzhengquyuhuafenruxia:

必威登录  (yi)quanguofenweisheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashi;

  (er)sheng、zizhiqufenweizizhizhou、xian、zizhixian、shi;

  (san)xian、zizhixianfenweixiang、minzuxiang、zhen。

  zhixiashihejiaodadeshifenweiqu、xian。zizhizhoufenweixian、zizhixian、shi。

必威登录  zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixiandoushiminzuzizhidifang。

  disanshiyitiao guojiazaibiyaoshideshelitebiexingzhengqu。zaitebiexingzhengquneishixingdezhiduanzhaojutiqingkuangyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyifalvguiding。

  disanshiertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguobaohuzaizhongguojingneidewaiguorendehefaquanliheliyi,zaizhongguojingneidewaiguorenbixuzunshouzhonghuarenmingongheguodefalv。

  zhonghuarenmingongheguoduiyuyinweizhengzhiyuanyinyaoqiubinandewaiguoren,keyijiyushoubihudequanli。

第二章 公民的基本权利和义务

  disanshisantiao fanjuyouzhonghuarenmingongheguoguojiderendoushizhonghuarenmingongheguogongmin。

  zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminzaifalvmianqianyilvpingdeng。

必威登录  guojiazunzhonghebaozhangrenquan。

  renhegongminxiangyouxianfahefalvguidingdequanli,tongshibixulvxingxianfahefalvguidingdeyiwu。

必威登录  disanshisitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguonianmanshibazhousuidegongmin,bufenminzu、zhongzu、xingbie、zhiye、jiatingchushen、zongjiaoxinyang、jiaoyuchengdu、caichanzhuangkuang、juzhuqixian,douyouxuanjuquanhebeixuanjuquan;danshiyizhaofalvbeiboduozhengzhiquanliderenchuwai。

  disanshiwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouyanlun、chuban、jihui、jieshe、youxing、shiweideziyou。

  disanshiliutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouzongjiaoxinyangziyou。

必威登录  renheguojiajiguan、shehuituantihegerenbudeqiangzhigongminxinyangzongjiaohuozhebuxinyangzongjiao,budeqishixinyangzongjiaodegongminhebuxinyangzongjiaodegongmin。

  guojiabaohuzhengchangdezongjiaohuodong。renherenbudeliyongzongjiaojinxingpohuaishehuizhixu、sunhaigongminshentijiankang、fangaiguojiajiaoyuzhidudehuodong。

必威登录  zongjiaotuantihezongjiaoshiwubushouwaiguoshilidezhipei。

必威登录  disanshiqitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminderenshenziyoubushouqinfan。

  renhegongmin,feijingrenminjianchayuanpizhunhuozhejuedinghuozherenminfayuanjueding,bingyougonganjiguanzhixing,bushoudaibu。

  jinzhifeifajujinheyiqitafangfafeifaboduohuozhexianzhigongminderenshenziyou,jinzhifeifasouchagongmindeshenti。

  disanshibatiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminderengezunyanbushouqinfan。jinzhiyongrenhefangfaduigongminjinxingwuru、feibanghewugaoxianhai。

  disanshijiutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongmindezhuzhaibushouqinfan。jinzhifeifasouchahuozhefeifaqinrugongmindezhuzhai。

  disishitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongmindetongxinziyouhetongxinmimishoufalvdebaohu。chuyinguojiaanquanhuozhezhuichaxingshifanzuidexuyao,yougonganjiguanhuozhejianchajiguanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxuduitongxinjinxingjianchawai,renhezuzhihuozhegerenbudeyirenheliyouqinfangongmindetongxinziyouhetongxinmimi。

必威登录  disishiyitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminduiyurenheguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuan,youtichupipinghejianyidequanli;duiyurenheguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuandeweifashizhixingwei,youxiangyouguanguojiajiguantichushensu、konggaohuozhejianjudequanli,danshibudeniezaohuozhewaiqushishijinxingwugaoxianhai。

  duiyugongmindeshensu、konggaohuozhejianju,youguanguojiajiguanbixuchaqingshishi,fuzechuli。renherenbudeyazhihedajibaofu。

必威登录  youyuguojiajiguanheguojiagongzuorenyuanqinfangongminquanliershoudaosunshideren,youyizhaofalvguidingqudepeichangdequanli。

  disishiertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyoulaodongdequanliheyiwu。

  guojiatongguogezhongtujing,chuangzaolaodongjiuyetiaojian,jiaqianglaodongbaohu,gaishanlaodongtiaojian,bingzaifazhanshengchandejichushang,tigaolaodongbaochouhefulidaiyu。

  laodongshiyiqieyoulaodongnenglidegongmindeguangrongzhize。guoyouqiyehechengxiangjitijingjizuzhidelaodongzhedouyingdangyiguojiazhurenwengdetaiduduidaizijidelaodong。guojiatichangshehuizhuyilaodongjingsai,jianglilaodongmofanhexianjingongzuozhe。guojiatichanggongmincongshiyiwulaodong。

必威登录  guojiaduijiuyeqiandegongminjinxingbiyaodelaodongjiuyexunlian。

  disishisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguolaodongzheyouxiuxidequanli。

  guojiafazhanlaodongzhexiuxihexiuyangdesheshi,guidingzhigongdegongzuoshijianhexiujiazhidu。

  disishisitiao guojiayizhaofalvguidingshixingqiyeshiyezuzhidezhigongheguojiajiguangongzuorenyuandetuixiuzhidu。tuixiurenyuandeshenghuoshoudaoguojiaheshehuidebaozhang。

必威登录  disishiwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminzainianlao、jibinghuozhesangshilaodongnenglideqingkuangxia,youcongguojiaheshehuihuodewuzhibangzhudequanli。guojiafazhanweigongminxiangshouzheixiequanlisuoxuyaodeshehuibaoxian、shehuijiujiheyiliaoweishengshiye。

  guojiaheshehuibaozhangcanfeijunrendeshenghuo,fuxulieshijiashu,youdaijunrenjiashu。

必威登录  guojiaheshehuibangzhuanpaimang、long、yaheqitayoucanjidegongmindelaodong、shenghuohejiaoyu。

必威登录  disishiliutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyoushoujiaoyudequanliheyiwu。

  guojiapeiyangqingnian、shaonian、ertongzaipinde、zhili、tizhidengfangmianquanmianfazhan。

  disishiqitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyoujinxingkexueyanjiu、wenxueyishuchuangzuoheqitawenhuahuodongdeziyou。guojiaduiyucongshijiaoyu、kexue、jishu、wenxue、yishuheqitawenhuashiyedegongmindeyouyiyurenmindechuangzaoxinggongzuo,jiyigulihebangzhu。

  disishibatiao zhonghuarenmingongheguofunvzaizhengzhide、jingjide、wenhuade、shehuidehejiatingdeshenghuodenggefangmianxiangyoutongnanzipingdengdequanli。

  guojiabaohufunvdequanliheliyi,shixingnannvtonggongtongchou,peiyanghexuanbafunvganbu。

  disishijiutiao hunyin、jiating、muqinheertongshouguojiadebaohu。

  fuqishuangfangyoushixingjihuashengyudeyiwu。

  fumuyoufuyangjiaoyuweichengnianzinvdeyiwu,chengnianzinvyoushanyangfuzhufumudeyiwu。

  jinzhipohuaihunyinziyou,jinzhinvedailaoren、funvheertong。

  diwushitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguobaohuhuaqiaodezhengdangdequanliheliyi,baohuguiqiaoheqiaojuandehefadequanliheliyi。

  diwushiyitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminzaixingshiziyouhequanlideshihou,budesunhaiguojiade、shehuide、jitideliyiheqitagongmindehefadeziyouhequanli。

  diwushiertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouweihuguojiatongyihequanguogeminzutuanjiedeyiwu。

必威登录  diwushisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminbixuzunshouxianfahefalv,baoshouguojiamimi,aihugonggongcaichan,zunshoulaodongjilv,zunshougonggongzhixu,zunzhongshehuigongde。

必威登录  diwushisitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouweihuzuguodeanquan、rongyuheliyideyiwu,budeyouweihaizuguodeanquan、rongyuheliyidexingwei。

必威登录  diwushiwutiao baoweizuguo、dikangqinlveshizhonghuarenmingongheguomeiyigegongmindeshenshengzhize。

必威登录  yizhaofalvfubingyihecanjiaminbingzuzhishizhonghuarenmingongheguogongmindeguangrongyiwu。

  diwushiliutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogongminyouyizhaofalvnashuideyiwu。

第三章 国家机构

  diyijie quanguorenmindaibiaodahui

  diwushiqitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuishizuigaoguojiaquanlijiguan。tadechangshejiguanshiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhui。

必威登录  diwushibatiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuixingshiguojialifaquan。

  diwushijiutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyousheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashi、tebiexingzhengquhejunduixuanchudedaibiaozucheng。geshaoshuminzudouyingdangyoushidangmingededaibiao。

  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanjuyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhuchi。

  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaomingehedaibiaochanshengbanfayoufalvguiding。

  diliushitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqiwunian。

  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuirenqijiemandelianggeyueyiqian,quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibixuwanchengxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanju。ruguoyudaobunengjinxingxuanjudefeichangqingkuang,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiyiquantizuchengrenyuandesanfenzhieryishangdeduoshutongguo,keyituichixuanju,yanzhangbenjiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuiderenqi。zaifeichangqingkuangjieshuhouyiniannei,bixuwanchengxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanju。

必威登录  diliushiyitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuiyimeinianjuxingyici,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhaoji。ruguoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuirenweibiyao,huozheyouwufenzhiyiyishangdequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaotiyi,keyilinshizhaojiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuiyi。

  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuijuxinghuiyideshihou,xuanjuzhuxituanzhuchihuiyi。

  diliushiertiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuixingshixialiezhiquan:

  (yi)xiugaixianfa;

必威登录  (er)jianduxianfadeshishi;

必威登录  (san)zhidinghexiugaixingshi、minshi、guojiajigoudeheqitadejibenfalv;

  (si)xuanjuzhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxi;

  (wu)genjuzhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxidetiming,juedingguowuyuanzongliderenxuan;genjuguowuyuanzonglidetiming,juedingguowuyuanfuzongli、guowuweiyuan、gebubuzhang、geweiyuanhuizhuren、shenjizhang、mishuzhangderenxuan;

必威登录  (liu)xuanjuzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxi;genjuzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxidetiming,juedingzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiqitazuchengrenyuanderenxuan;

必威登录  (qi)xuanjuguojiajianchaweiyuanhuizhuren;

  (ba)xuanjuzuigaorenminfayuanyuanzhang;

必威登录  (jiu)xuanjuzuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchazhang;

必威登录  (shi)shenchahepizhunguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihuahejihuazhixingqingkuangdebaogao;

  (shiyi)shenchahepizhunguojiadeyusuanheyusuanzhixingqingkuangdebaogao;

  (shier)gaibianhuozhechexiaoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibushidangdejueding;

  (shisan)pizhunsheng、zizhiquhezhixiashidejianzhi;

  (shisi)juedingtebiexingzhengqudeshelijiqizhidu;

必威登录  (shiwu)juedingzhanzhenghehepingdewenti;

必威登录  (shiliu)yingdangyouzuigaoguojiaquanlijiguanxingshideqitazhiquan。

必威登录  diliushisantiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyouquanbamianxialierenyuan:

  (yi)zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxi;

  (er)guowuyuanzongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuan、gebubuzhang、geweiyuanhuizhuren、shenjizhang、mishuzhang;

  (san)zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxihezhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiqitazuchengrenyuan;

  (si)guojiajianchaweiyuanhuizhuren;

必威登录  (wu)zuigaorenminfayuanyuanzhang;

  (liu)zuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchazhang。

  diliushisitiao xianfadexiugai,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuihuozhewufenzhiyiyishangdequanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaotiyi,bingyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyiquantidaibiaodesanfenzhieryishangdeduoshutongguo。

  falvheqitayianyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuiyiquantidaibiaodeguobanshutongguo。

  diliushiwutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiyouxialierenyuanzucheng:

  weiyuanzhang,

  fuweiyuanzhangruoganren,

  mishuzhang,

  weiyuanruoganren。

必威登录  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizuchengrenyuanzhong,yingdangyoushidangmingedeshaoshuminzudaibiao。

  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanjubingyouquanbamianquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuan。

  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuanbudedanrenguojiaxingzhengjiguan、jianchajiguan、shenpanjiguanhejianchajiguandezhiwu。

必威登录  diliushiliutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuimeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong,taxingshizhiquandaoxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanchuxindechangwuweiyuanhuiweizhi。

必威登录  weiyuanzhang、fuweiyuanzhanglianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。

  diliushiqitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuixingshixialiezhiquan:

  (yi)jieshixianfa,jianduxianfadeshishi;

  (er)zhidinghexiugaichuyingdangyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuizhidingdefalvyiwaideqitafalv;

必威登录  (san)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,duiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuizhidingdefalvjinxingbufenbuchonghexiugai,danshibudetonggaifalvdejibenyuanzexiangdichu;

  (si)jieshifalv;

必威登录  (wu)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,shenchahepizhunguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihua、guojiayusuanzaizhixingguochengzhongsuobixuzuodebufendiaozhengfangan;

  (liu)jianduguowuyuan、zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhui、guojiajianchaweiyuanhui、zuigaorenminfayuanhezuigaorenminjianchayuandegongzuo;

必威登录  (qi)chexiaoguowuyuanzhidingdetongxianfa、falvxiangdichudexingzhengfagui、juedinghemingling;

  (ba)chexiaosheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashiguojiaquanlijiguanzhidingdetongxianfa、falvhexingzhengfaguixiangdichudedifangxingfaguihejueyi;

必威登录  (jiu)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,genjuguowuyuanzonglidetiming,juedingbuzhang、weiyuanhuizhuren、shenjizhang、mishuzhangderenxuan;

必威登录  (shi)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,genjuzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxidetiming,juedingzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiqitazuchengrenyuanderenxuan;

  (shiyi)genjuguojiajianchaweiyuanhuizhurendetiqing,renmianguojiajianchaweiyuanhuifuzhuren、weiyuan;

  (shier)genjuzuigaorenminfayuanyuanzhangdetiqing,renmianzuigaorenminfayuanfuyuanzhang、shenpanyuan、shenpanweiyuanhuiweiyuanhejunshifayuanyuanzhang;

  (shisan)genjuzuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchazhangdetiqing,renmianzuigaorenminjianchayuanfujianchazhang、jianchayuan、jianchaweiyuanhuiweiyuanhejunshijianchayuanjianchazhang,bingqiepizhunsheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashiderenminjianchayuanjianchazhangderenmian;

  (shisi)juedingzhuwaiquanquandaibiaoderenmian;

  (shiwu)juedingtongwaiguodijiedetiaoyuehezhongyaoxiedingdepizhunhefeichu;

必威登录  (shiliu)guidingjunrenhewaijiaorenyuandexianjizhiduheqitazhuanmenxianjizhidu;

必威登录  (shiqi)guidinghejuedingshouyuguojiadexunzhangherongyuchenghao;

必威登录  (shiba)juedingteshe;

  (shijiu)zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,ruguoyudaoguojiazaoshouwuzhuangqinfanhuozhebixulvxingguojijiangongtongfangzhiqinlvedetiaoyuedeqingkuang,juedingzhanzhengzhuangtaidexuanbu;

  (ershi)juedingquanguozongdongyuanhuozhejubudongyuan;

  (ershiyi)juedingquanguohuozhegebiesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashijinrujinjizhuangtai;

必威登录  (ershier)quanguorenmindaibiaodahuishouyudeqitazhiquan。

  diliushibatiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiweiyuanzhangzhuchiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidegongzuo,zhaojiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuihuiyi。fuweiyuanzhang、mishuzhangxiezhuweiyuanzhanggongzuo。

必威登录  weiyuanzhang、fuweiyuanzhang、mishuzhangzuchengweiyuanzhanghuiyi,chuliquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezhongyaorichanggongzuo。

必威登录  diliushijiutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。

必威登录  diqishitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuisheliminzuweiyuanhui、xianfahefalvweiyuanhui、caizhengjingjiweiyuanhui、jiaoyukexuewenhuaweishengweiyuanhui、waishiweiyuanhui、huaqiaoweiyuanhuiheqitaxuyaoshelidezhuanmenweiyuanhui。zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,gezhuanmenweiyuanhuishouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidelingdao。

必威登录  gezhuanmenweiyuanhuizaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuilingdaoxia,yanjiu、shenyihenidingyouguanyian。

  diqishiyitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuirenweibiyaodeshihou,keyizuzhiguanyutedingwentidediaochaweiyuanhui,bingqiegenjudiaochaweiyuanhuidebaogao,zuochuxiangyingdejueyi。

必威登录  diaochaweiyuanhuijinxingdiaochadeshihou,yiqieyouguandeguojiajiguan、shehuituantihegongmindouyouyiwuxiangtatigongbiyaodecailiao。

  diqishiertiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaohequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizuchengrenyuan,youquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxufenbietichushuyuquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhiquanfanweineideyian。

必威登录  diqishisantiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaozaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuikaihuiqijian,quanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizuchengrenyuanzaichangwuweiyuanhuikaihuiqijian,youquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxutichuduiguowuyuanhuozheguowuyuangebu、geweiyuanhuidezhixunan。shouzhixundejiguanbixufuzedafu。

必威登录  diqishisitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiao,feijingquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuiyizhuxituanxuke,zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijianfeijingquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuixuke,bushoudaibuhuozhexingshishenpan。

必威登录  diqishiwutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaozaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuigezhonghuiyishangdefayanhebiaojue,bushoufalvzhuijiu。

必威登录  diqishiliutiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaobixumofandizunshouxianfahefalv,baoshouguojiamimi,bingqiezaizijicanjiadeshengchan、gongzuoheshehuihuodongzhong,xiezhuxianfahefalvdeshishi。

  quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoyingdangtongyuanxuanjudanweiherenminbaochimiqiedelianxi,tingquhefanyingrenmindeyijianheyaoqiu,nuliweirenminfuwu。

  diqishiqitiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoshouyuanxuanjudanweidejiandu。yuanxuanjudanweiyouquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxubamianbendanweixuanchudedaibiao。

  diqishibatiao quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuzhihegongzuochengxuyoufalvguiding。

  dierjie zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi

  diqishijiutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxiyouquanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanju。

  youxuanjuquanhebeixuanjuquandenianmansishiwuzhousuidezhonghuarenmingongheguogongminkeyibeixuanweizhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxi。

  zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuximeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。

必威登录  dibashitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxigenjuquanguorenmindaibiaodahuidejuedinghequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidejueding,gongbufalv,renmianguowuyuanzongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuan、gebubuzhang、geweiyuanhuizhuren、shenjizhang、mishuzhang,shouyuguojiadexunzhangherongyuchenghao,fabutesheling,xuanbujinrujinjizhuangtai,xuanbuzhanzhengzhuangtai,fabudongyuanling。

  dibashiyitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxidaibiaozhonghuarenmingongheguo,jinxingguoshihuodong,jieshouwaiguoshijie;genjuquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidejueding,paiqianhezhaohuizhuwaiquanquandaibiao,pizhunhefeichutongwaiguodijiedetiaoyuehezhongyaoxieding。

  dibashiertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguofuzhuxixiezhuzhuxigongzuo。

  zhonghuarenmingongheguofuzhuxishouzhuxideweituo,keyidaixingzhuxidebufenzhiquan。

  dibashisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxixingshizhiquandaoxiajiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuixuanchudezhuxi、fuzhuxijiuzhiweizhi。

必威登录  dibashisitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxiqueweideshihou,youfuzhuxijirenzhuxidezhiwei。

  zhonghuarenmingongheguofuzhuxiqueweideshihou,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibuxuan。

必威登录  zhonghuarenmingongheguozhuxi、fuzhuxidouqueweideshihou,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibuxuan;zaibuxuanyiqian,youquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiweiyuanzhangzanshidailizhuxizhiwei。

  disanjie guowuyuan

  dibashiwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoguowuyuan,jizhongyangrenminzhengfu,shizuigaoguojiaquanlijiguandezhixingjiguan,shizuigaoguojiaxingzhengjiguan。

必威登录  dibashiliutiao guowuyuanyouxialierenyuanzucheng:

  zongli,

  fuzongliruoganren,

  guowuweiyuanruoganren,

  gebubuzhang,

  geweiyuanhuizhuren,

  shenjizhang,

  mishuzhang。

  guowuyuanshixingzonglifuzezhi。gebu、geweiyuanhuishixingbuzhang、zhurenfuzezhi。

必威登录  guowuyuandezuzhiyoufalvguiding。

必威登录  dibashiqitiao guowuyuanmeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。

必威登录  zongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuanlianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。

  dibashibatiao zonglilingdaoguowuyuandegongzuo。fuzongli、guowuweiyuanxiezhuzongligongzuo。

  zongli、fuzongli、guowuweiyuan、mishuzhangzuchengguowuyuanchangwuhuiyi。

必威登录  zonglizhaojihezhuchiguowuyuanchangwuhuiyiheguowuyuanquantihuiyi。

必威登录  dibashijiutiao guowuyuanxingshixialiezhiquan:

  (yi)genjuxianfahefalv,guidingxingzhengcuoshi,zhidingxingzhengfagui,fabujuedinghemingling;

  (er)xiangquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihuozhequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuitichuyian;

  (san)guidinggebuhegeweiyuanhuiderenwuhezhize,tongyilingdaogebuhegeweiyuanhuidegongzuo,bingqielingdaobushuyugebuhegeweiyuanhuidequanguoxingdexingzhenggongzuo;

  (si)tongyilingdaoquanguodifanggejiguojiaxingzhengjiguandegongzuo,guidingzhongyanghesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashideguojiaxingzhengjiguandezhiquandejutihuafen;

  (wu)bianzhihezhixingguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihuaheguojiayusuan;

  (liu)lingdaoheguanlijingjigongzuohechengxiangjianshe、shengtaiwenmingjianshe;

  (qi)lingdaoheguanlijiaoyu、kexue、wenhua、weisheng、tiyuhejihuashengyugongzuo;

  (ba)lingdaoheguanliminzheng、gongan、sifaxingzhengdenggongzuo;

必威登录  (jiu)guanliduiwaishiwu,tongwaiguodijietiaoyuehexieding;

必威登录  (shi)lingdaoheguanliguofangjiansheshiye;

必威登录  (shiyi)lingdaoheguanliminzushiwu,baozhangshaoshuminzudepingdengquanliheminzuzizhidifangdezizhiquanli;

必威登录  (shier)baohuhuaqiaodezhengdangdequanliheliyi,baohuguiqiaoheqiaojuandehefadequanliheliyi;

  (shisan)gaibianhuozhechexiaogebu、geweiyuanhuifabudebushidangdemingling、zhishiheguizhang;

  (shisi)gaibianhuozhechexiaodifanggejiguojiaxingzhengjiguandebushidangdejuedinghemingling;

  (shiwu)pizhunsheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashidequyuhuafen,pizhunzizhizhou、xian、zizhixian、shidejianzhihequyuhuafen;

  (shiliu)yizhaofalvguidingjuedingsheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashidefanweineibufendiqujinrujinjizhuangtai;

  (shiqi)shendingxingzhengjigoudebianzhi,yizhaofalvguidingrenmian、peixun、kaohehejiangchengxingzhengrenyuan;

  (shiba)quanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuishouyudeqitazhiquan。

必威登录  dijiushitiao guowuyuangebubuzhang、geweiyuanhuizhurenfuzebenbumendegongzuo;zhaojihezhuchibuwuhuiyihuozheweiyuanhuihuiyi、weiwuhuiyi,taolunjuedingbenbumengongzuodezhongdawenti。

必威登录  gebu、geweiyuanhuigenjufalvheguowuyuandexingzhengfagui、jueding、mingling,zaibenbumendequanxiannei,fabumingling、zhishiheguizhang。

  dijiushiyitiao guowuyuanshelishenjijiguan,duiguowuyuangebumenhedifanggejizhengfudecaizhengshouzhi,duiguojiadecaizhengjinrongjigouheqiyeshiyezuzhidecaiwushouzhi,jinxingshenjijiandu。

必威登录  shenjijiguanzaiguowuyuanzonglilingdaoxia,yizhaofalvguidingdulixingshishenjijianduquan,bushouqitaxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。

  dijiushiertiao guowuyuanduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo;zaiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,duiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。

必威登录  disijie zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhui

  dijiushisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguozhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuilingdaoquanguowuzhuangliliang。

  zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuiyouxialierenyuanzucheng:

  zhuxi,

  fuzhuxiruoganren,

  weiyuanruoganren。

  zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuishixingzhuxifuzezhi。

必威登录  zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuimeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。

  dijiushisitiao zhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuizhuxiduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。

必威登录  diwujie difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenminzhengfu

必威登录  dijiushiwutiao sheng、zhixiashi、xian、shi、shixiaqu、xiang、minzuxiang、zhenshelirenmindaibiaodahuiherenminzhengfu。

  difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuihedifanggejirenminzhengfudezuzhiyoufalvguiding。

  zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianshelizizhijiguan。zizhijiguandezuzhihegongzuogenjuxianfadisanzhangdiwujie、diliujieguidingdejibenyuanzeyoufalvguiding。

  dijiushiliutiao difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuishidifangguojiaquanlijiguan。

  xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuishelichangwuweiyuanhui。

必威登录  dijiushiqitiao sheng、zhixiashi、shequdeshiderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoyouxiayijiderenmindaibiaodahuixuanju;xian、bushequdeshi、shixiaqu、xiang、minzuxiang、zhenderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoyouxuanminzhijiexuanju。

必威登录  difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaomingehedaibiaochanshengbanfayoufalvguiding。

必威登录  dijiushibatiao difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqiwunian。

  dijiushijiutiao difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuizaibenxingzhengquyunei,baozhengxianfa、falv、xingzhengfaguidezunshouhezhixing;yizhaofalvguidingdequanxian,tongguohefabujueyi,shenchahejuedingdifangdejingjijianshe、wenhuajianshehegonggongshiyejianshedejihua。

  xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuishenchahepizhunbenxingzhengquyuneideguominjingjiheshehuifazhanjihua、yusuanyijitamendezhixingqingkuangdebaogao;youquangaibianhuozhechexiaobenjirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibushidangdejueding。

  minzuxiangderenmindaibiaodahuikeyiyizhaofalvguidingdequanxiancaiqushiheminzutediandejuticuoshi。

  diyibaitiao sheng、zhixiashiderenmindaibiaodahuihetamendechangwuweiyuanhui,zaibutongxianfa、falv、xingzhengfaguixiangdichudeqiantixia,keyizhidingdifangxingfagui,baoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibeian。

  shequdeshiderenmindaibiaodahuihetamendechangwuweiyuanhui,zaibutongxianfa、falv、xingzhengfaguihebensheng、zizhiqudedifangxingfaguixiangdichudeqiantixia,keyiyizhaofalvguidingzhidingdifangxingfagui,baobensheng、zizhiqurenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhunhoushixing。

  diyibailingyitiao difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuifenbiexuanjubingqieyouquanbamianbenjirenminzhengfudeshengzhanghefushengzhang、shizhanghefushizhang、xianzhanghefuxianzhang、quzhanghefuquzhang、xiangzhanghefuxiangzhang、zhenzhanghefuzhenzhang。

  xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuixuanjubingqieyouquanbamianbenjijianchaweiyuanhuizhuren、benjirenminfayuanyuanzhanghebenjirenminjianchayuanjianchazhang。xuanchuhuozhebamianrenminjianchayuanjianchazhang,xubaoshangjirenminjianchayuanjianchazhangtiqinggaijirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhun。

必威登录  diyibailingertiao sheng、zhixiashi、shequdeshiderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoshouyuanxuanjudanweidejiandu;xian、bushequdeshi、shixiaqu、xiang、minzuxiang、zhenderenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaoshouxuanmindejiandu。

必威登录  difanggejirenmindaibiaodahuidaibiaodexuanjudanweihexuanminyouquanyizhaofalvguidingdechengxubamianyoutamenxuanchudedaibiao。

  diyibailingsantiao xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuiyouzhuren、fuzhurenruoganrenheweiyuanruoganrenzucheng,duibenjirenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。

必威登录  xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuixuanjubingyouquanbamianbenjirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuan。

必威登录  xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuidezuchengrenyuanbudedanrenguojiaxingzhengjiguan、jianchajiguan、shenpanjiguanhejianchajiguandezhiwu。

必威登录  diyibailingsitiao xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuitaolun、juedingbenxingzhengquyuneigefangmiangongzuodezhongdashixiang;jiandubenjirenminzhengfu、jianchaweiyuanhui、renminfayuanherenminjianchayuandegongzuo;chexiaobenjirenminzhengfudebushidangdejuedinghemingling;chexiaoxiayijirenmindaibiaodahuidebushidangdejueyi;yizhaofalvguidingdequanxianjuedingguojiajiguangongzuorenyuanderenmian;zaibenjirenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,bamianhebuxuanshangyijirenmindaibiaodahuidegebiedaibiao。

必威登录  diyibailingwutiao difanggejirenminzhengfushidifanggejiguojiaquanlijiguandezhixingjiguan,shidifanggejiguojiaxingzhengjiguan。

  difanggejirenminzhengfushixingshengzhang、shizhang、xianzhang、quzhang、xiangzhang、zhenzhangfuzezhi。

  diyibailingliutiao difanggejirenminzhengfumeijierenqitongbenjirenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。

必威登录  diyibailingqitiao xianjiyishangdifanggejirenminzhengfuyizhaofalvguidingdequanxian,guanlibenxingzhengquyuneidejingji、jiaoyu、kexue、wenhua、weisheng、tiyushiye、chengxiangjiansheshiyehecaizheng、minzheng、gongan、minzushiwu、sifaxingzheng、jihuashengyudengxingzhenggongzuo,fabujuedinghemingling,renmian、peixun、kaohehejiangchengxingzhenggongzuorenyuan。

  xiang、minzuxiang、zhenderenminzhengfuzhixingbenjirenmindaibiaodahuidejueyiheshangjiguojiaxingzhengjiguandejuedinghemingling,guanlibenxingzhengquyuneidexingzhenggongzuo。

必威登录  sheng、zhixiashiderenminzhengfujuedingxiang、minzuxiang、zhendejianzhihequyuhuafen。

必威登录  diyibailingbatiao xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenminzhengfulingdaosuoshugegongzuobumenhexiajirenminzhengfudegongzuo,youquangaibianhuozhechexiaosuoshugegongzuobumenhexiajirenminzhengfudebushidangdejueding。

必威登录  diyibailingjiutiao xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenminzhengfushelishenjijiguan。difanggejishenjijiguanyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshishenjijianduquan,duibenjirenminzhengfuheshangyijishenjijiguanfuze。

  diyibaiyishitiao difanggejirenminzhengfuduibenjirenmindaibiaodahuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。xianjiyishangdedifanggejirenminzhengfuzaibenjirenmindaibiaodahuibihuiqijian,duibenjirenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuzebingbaogaogongzuo。

  difanggejirenminzhengfuduishangyijiguojiaxingzhengjiguanfuzebingbaogaogongzuo。quanguodifanggejirenminzhengfudoushiguowuyuantongyilingdaoxiadeguojiaxingzhengjiguan,doufucongguowuyuan。

  diyibaiyishiyitiao chengshihenongcunanjuminjuzhudiqushelidejuminweiyuanhuihuozhecunminweiyuanhuishijicengqunzhongxingzizhizuzhi。juminweiyuanhui、cunminweiyuanhuidezhuren、fuzhurenheweiyuanyoujuminxuanju。juminweiyuanhui、cunminweiyuanhuitongjicengzhengquandexianghuguanxiyoufalvguiding。

  juminweiyuanhui、cunminweiyuanhuisherenmindiaojie、zhianbaowei、gonggongweishengdengweiyuanhui,banlibenjuzhudiqudegonggongshiwuhegongyishiye,diaojieminjianjiufen,xiezhuweihushehuizhian,bingqiexiangrenminzhengfufanyingqunzhongdeyijian、yaoqiuhetichujianyi。

必威登录  diliujie minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguan

  diyibaiyishiertiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanshizizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianderenmindaibiaodahuiherenminzhengfu。

  diyibaiyishisantiao zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianderenmindaibiaodahuizhong,chushixingquyuzizhideminzudedaibiaowai,qitajuzhuzaibenxingzhengquyuneideminzuyeyingdangyoushidangmingededaibiao。

  zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianderenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuizhongyingdangyoushixingquyuzizhideminzudegongmindanrenzhurenhuozhefuzhuren。

必威登录  diyibaiyishisitiao zizhiquzhuxi、zizhizhouzhouzhang、zizhixianxianzhangyoushixingquyuzizhideminzudegongmindanren。

  diyibaiyishiwutiao zizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixiandezizhijiguanxingshixianfadisanzhangdiwujieguidingdedifangguojiajiguandezhiquan,tongshiyizhaoxianfa、minzuquyuzizhifaheqitafalvguidingdequanxianxingshizizhiquan,genjubendifangshijiqingkuangguanchezhixingguojiadefalv、zhengce。

  diyibaiyishiliutiao minzuzizhidifangderenmindaibiaodahuiyouquanyizhaodangdiminzudezhengzhi、jingjihewenhuadetedian,zhidingzizhitiaolihedanxingtiaoli。zizhiqudezizhitiaolihedanxingtiaoli,baoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhunhoushengxiao。zizhizhou、zizhixiandezizhitiaolihedanxingtiaoli,baoshenghuozhezizhiquderenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuipizhunhoushengxiao,bingbaoquanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuibeian。

  diyibaiyishiqitiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanyouguanlidifangcaizhengdezizhiquan。fanshiyizhaoguojiacaizhengtizhishuyuminzuzizhidifangdecaizhengshouru,douyingdangyouminzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzizhudianpaishiyong。

  diyibaiyishibatiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzaiguojiajihuadezhidaoxia,zizhudianpaiheguanlidifangxingdejingjijiansheshiye。

  guojiazaiminzuzizhidifangkaifaziyuan、jiansheqiyedeshihou,yingdangzhaoguminzuzizhidifangdeliyi。

必威登录  diyibaiyishijiutiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzizhudiguanlibendifangdejiaoyu、kexue、wenhua、weisheng、tiyushiye,baohuhezhengliminzudewenhuayichan,fazhanhefanrongminzuwenhua。

  diyibaiershitiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanyizhaoguojiadejunshizhiduhedangdideshijixuyao,jingguowuyuanpizhun,keyizuzhibendifangweihushehuizhiandegonganbudui。

  diyibaiershiyitiao minzuzizhidifangdezizhijiguanzaizhixingzhiwudeshihou,yizhaobenminzuzizhidifangzizhitiaolideguiding,shiyongdangditongyongdeyizhonghuozhejizhongyuyanwenzi。

  diyibaiershiertiao guojiacongcaizheng、wuzi、jishudengfangmianbangzhugeshaoshuminzujiasufazhanjingjijianshehewenhuajiansheshiye。

  guojiabangzhuminzuzizhidifangcongdangdiminzuzhongdaliangpeiyanggejiganbu、gezhongzhuanyerencaihejishugongren。

  diqijie jianchaweiyuanhui

必威登录  diyibaiershisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguogejijianchaweiyuanhuishiguojiadejianchajiguan。

  diyibaiershisitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguosheliguojiajianchaweiyuanhuihedifanggejijianchaweiyuanhui。

必威登录  jianchaweiyuanhuiyouxialierenyuanzucheng:

  zhuren,

  fuzhurenruoganren,

  weiyuanruoganren。

  jianchaweiyuanhuizhurenmeijierenqitongbenjirenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong。guojiajianchaweiyuanhuizhurenlianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。

  jianchaweiyuanhuidezuzhihezhiquanyoufalvguiding。

必威登录  diyibaiershiwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoguojiajianchaweiyuanhuishizuigaojianchajiguan。

  guojiajianchaweiyuanhuilingdaodifanggejijianchaweiyuanhuidegongzuo,shangjijianchaweiyuanhuilingdaoxiajijianchaweiyuanhuidegongzuo。

  diyibaiershiliutiao guojiajianchaweiyuanhuiduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。difanggejijianchaweiyuanhuiduichanshengtadeguojiaquanlijiguanheshangyijijianchaweiyuanhuifuze。

  diyibaiershiqitiao jianchaweiyuanhuiyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshijianchaquan,bushouxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。

必威登录  jianchajiguanbanlizhiwuweifahezhiwufanzuianjian,yingdangyushenpanjiguan、jianchajiguan、zhifabumenhuxiangpeihe,huxiangzhiyue。

必威登录  dibajie renminfayuanherenminjianchayuan

  diyibaiershibatiao zhonghuarenmingongheguorenminfayuanshiguojiadeshenpanjiguan。

必威登录  diyibaiershijiutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshelizuigaorenminfayuan、difanggejirenminfayuanhejunshifayuandengzhuanmenrenminfayuan。

必威登录  zuigaorenminfayuanyuanzhangmeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong,lianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。

必威登录  renminfayuandezuzhiyoufalvguiding。

必威登录  diyibaisanshitiao renminfayuanshenlianjian,chufalvguidingdetebieqingkuangwai,yilvgongkaijinxing。beigaorenyouquanhuodebianhu。

  diyibaisanshiyitiao renminfayuanyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshishenpanquan,bushouxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。

必威登录  diyibaisanshiertiao zuigaorenminfayuanshizuigaoshenpanjiguan。

  zuigaorenminfayuanjiandudifanggejirenminfayuanhezhuanmenrenminfayuandeshenpangongzuo,shangjirenminfayuanjianduxiajirenminfayuandeshenpangongzuo。

  diyibaisanshisantiao zuigaorenminfayuanduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。difanggejirenminfayuanduichanshengtadeguojiaquanlijiguanfuze。

必威登录  diyibaisanshisitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguorenminjianchayuanshiguojiadefalvjiandujiguan。

  diyibaisanshiwutiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshelizuigaorenminjianchayuan、difanggejirenminjianchayuanhejunshijianchayuandengzhuanmenrenminjianchayuan。

必威登录  zuigaorenminjianchayuanjianchazhangmeijierenqitongquanguorenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqixiangtong,lianxurenzhibudechaoguoliangjie。

必威登录  renminjianchayuandezuzhiyoufalvguiding。

必威登录  diyibaisanshiliutiao renminjianchayuanyizhaofalvguidingdulixingshijianchaquan,bushouxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。

  diyibaisanshiqitiao zuigaorenminjianchayuanshizuigaojianchajiguan。

  zuigaorenminjianchayuanlingdaodifanggejirenminjianchayuanhezhuanmenrenminjianchayuandegongzuo,shangjirenminjianchayuanlingdaoxiajirenminjianchayuandegongzuo。

  diyibaisanshibatiao zuigaorenminjianchayuanduiquanguorenmindaibiaodahuihequanguorenmindaibiaodahuichangwuweiyuanhuifuze。difanggejirenminjianchayuanduichanshengtadeguojiaquanlijiguanheshangjirenminjianchayuanfuze。

  diyibaisanshijiutiao geminzugongmindouyouyongbenminzuyuyanwenzijinxingsusongdequanli。renminfayuanherenminjianchayuanduiyubutongxiaodangditongyongdeyuyanwenzidesusongcanyuren,yingdangweitamenfanyi。

  zaishaoshuminzujujuhuozheduominzugongtongjuzhudediqu,yingdangyongdangditongyongdeyuyanjinxingshenli;qisushu、panjueshu、bugaoheqitawenshuyingdanggenjushijixuyaoshiyongdangditongyongdeyizhonghuozhejizhongwenzi。

必威登录  diyibaisishitiao renminfayuan、renminjianchayuanhegonganjiguanbanlixingshianjian,yingdangfengongfuze,huxiangpeihe,huxiangzhiyue,yibaozhengzhunqueyouxiaodizhixingfalv。

第四章 国旗、国歌、国徽、首都

必威登录  diyibaisishiyitiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoguoqishiwuxinghongqi。

  zhonghuarenmingongheguoguogeshi《yiyongjunjinxingqu》。

  diyibaisishiertiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoguohui,zhongjianshiwuxingzhaoyaoxiadetiananmen,zhouweishigusuihechilun。

必威登录  diyibaisishisantiao zhonghuarenmingongheguoshoudoushibeijing。